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005-002 Questions and Answers
Which of the following correctly defines the general difference between a read lock and a
- A read lock allows other clients to read the same data, however will prevent any modification of the data until the lock is released.
- A read lock prevents any other client from reading the same data, until the lock is released.
- A write lock only prevents any other client from modifying the locked data until the lock is released.
- A write lock prevents any other client from reading or writing the locked data until the lock is released.
Answer: A, D
Which of the following describes how deadlocks may occur and how InnoDB resolves
- Deadlocks happen anytime when more than one lock is placed in a table.
- Deadlocks happen when two transactions both have locks that the other is waiting forthe release of the lock that the other holds.
- InnoDB resolves deadlocks by terminating and rolling back one of the deadlockingtransactions.
- InnoDB resolves deadlocks by terminating and rolling back both of the deadlocking
Answer: B, C
When working with InnoDB, for which of the following reasons should you use the FOR UPDATE locking modifier?
- You intend to run more than ten UPDATE statements in one transaction.
- You intend to execute an UPDATE statement on any row.
- You intend to SELECT a set of rows, then modify those rows.
Which of the following are characteristics of the MyISAM compressed-row storage format?
- Tables are packed to save space.
- Rows cannot be looked up as efficiently.
- Storage is optimized for quick retrieval.
- Tables are read-only.
- All rows have the same size.
Answer: A, C, D
Which of the following are requirements for InnoDB binary portability?
- Both machines must use the same operating system.
- Database and table names must use lowercase format.
- Both machines must use two's-complement integer arithmetic.
- Both machines must use IEEE floating-point format or contain no floating-point columns.
Answer: B, C, D
Which of the following (series of) statements will leave the three tables A, B and C locked
for reading, writing and reading respectively once all statements have been executed?
- Mysql> LOCK TABLES A; mysql> LOCK TABLES B; mysql> LOCK TABLES C;
- Mysql> LOCK TABLES A READ; mysql> LOCK TABLES B WRITE; mysql> LOCKTABLES C READ;
- Mysql> LOCK TABLES A READ, B WRITE, C READ;
- LOCK TABLES A, B, C READ, WRITE, READ;
The MySQL server host crashes at 10:00 in the morning, and is brought back online at 10:30. In order to ensure that all data are consistent, a copy is first made of the table, tablespace and log files currently on the server host, and these files are then restored from a backup made at 03:00 the same morning. What should be done in order to bring the database to the state it was at just before the server host crashed?
- The mysql_restore utility should be used to update the server to its last known state.
- The binary logs recorded after the backup at 03:00 should be re-applied to make the database file consistent with the state just before the crash.
- The procedure described is wrong; instead, the mysqlcheck utility should be used and only if that fails should backup copies be restored.
- Once the backup files from 03:00 have been restored, there is nothing more that can be done to restore the database files.
What will the following statement do in a Windows environment? Assume that there are no
conflicts in the pathname definitions. C: mysqld --install MySQL50 --defaults- file=C:opts.cnf
- MySQL 5.0 will be installed using default configuration file C:\my-opts.cnf
- MySQL will be installed as Windows service name MySQL50 and will use C:\my- opts.cnf as configuration file
- An error message will be issued as --install is not a valid option for mysqld
Which of the following describes how READ LOCAL locking works?
- It locks a table for reading only by connections on localhost.
- It locks a table for reading but allows concurrent inserts.
- It locks a table for writing, preventing reads until it is released.
Suppose your are adding rows to a MyISAM table and the server runs out of disk space. What will happen?
- The server will crash.
- An error message will be returned to the client.
- The server suspends that INSERT operation until space becomes available.
- The server suspends operations on all MyISAM tables until space becomes available.
When you upgrade from one version of MySQL to another which of these steps are
- Check the MySQL Reference Manual upgrading section and read the parts that concern your upgrade
- Backup your databases
- Stop the MySQL server
- Install the new version of MySQL on top of the existing version
- Start the new server
- None of the above
Answer: A, B, C, D, E
When you acquire an advisory lock using GET_LOCK(), the lock isreleased if
- You issue another GET_LOCK() statement
- You issue a RELEASE_LOCK() statement
- Your connection to the server terminates
- None of the above
Answer: A, B, C
Which of the following statements are true for the MERGE storage engine?
- It uses table-level locking.
- It uses row-level locking.
- Underlying MyISAM tables are read-locked when you issue a SELECT statement on aMERGE table.
- Underlying MyISAM tables are write-locked when you issue a SELECT statement on aMERGE table.
- Underlying MyISAM tables are read-locked when you issue a statement that modifies aMERGE table.
- Underlying MyISAM tables are write-locked when you issue a statement that modifies aMERGE table.
- To LOCK a MERGE table, it is sufficient to lock just that table.
- To LOCK a MERGE table, you need to lock all underlying MyISAM tables as well.
Answer: A, C, F, G
When installing a RPM based distribution, the data directory will be set to which of the
Which of the following are reasons to not just enable all logging?
- Security risks.
- More disk space is used.
- More memory is used.
- Slower performance.
Answer: B, D
Where is the data stored for a table that is defined as using the FEDERATED Storage Engine?
- The data will always be stored on the local host.
- The data will always be stored on a remote host.
- The data can be stored on any host depending on the definition of the table.
- The data will always be stored on disk.
- The data will always be stored in memory.
- The data will be stored according to the storage engine of the referenced table.
Answer: C, F
The my.cnf file contains the following entries: innodb_data_home_dir =
innodb_data_file_path = /ibdata/ibdata1:50M;/disk2/ibdata2:50M:autoextend.Which of the following statements are true?
- The data files will be stored below the default data directory
- There are two InnoDB data files
- There are three InnoDB data files
- The total minimum size of the InnoDB data files is 100MB
- The total maximum size of the InnoDB data files is 100MB
- The initial size of the InnoDB data files on server startup will be set to 50MB. If more space is needed, another 50MB will be allocated.
Answer: B, D
Which of the following statements are true regarding the data directory on a Windows
- A script needs to be run to initialize it after installation.
- It comes pre-initialized.
- You can choose to pre-initialize it or initialize it manually during the installation.
Which types of startup options can be configured for the server?
- Location of important directories and files
- Logging settings
- Backup intervals
- Storage Engine dependent options
- Performance related settings
- The root password
Answer: A, B, D, E
When will you be able to copy InnoDB table space files to other systems and use the data
- You can always use them, because InnoDB files are platform independent.
- Both systems need to be either 32 Bit or 64 Bit platforms.
- Both systems need to run the same operating system.
- Both systems must be either little endian or big endian architecture.
Isolation levels can be set...
- Per transaction
- Per user name
- Per session
Answer: A, C, D
Which of the following statements are true?
- InnoDB tables will be automatically recovered after a crash.
- MyISAM tables will be automatically recovered after a crash.
- InnoDB tables will be recovered after a crash if the innodb-recover option is configured.
- MyISAM tables will be recovered after a crash if the myisam-recover option is configured.
- InnoDB tables cannot be recovered after a crash, you have to restore data from backup.
- MyISAM tables cannot be recovered after a crash, you have to restore data from backup.
Answer: A, D
When working with the InnoDB engine, which of the following correctly defines the
READ UNCOMMITTED isolation level?
- It allows a transaction to only see its uncommitted changes.
- It allows a transaction to see committed changes made by other transactions.
- It allows a transaction to see uncommitted changes made by other transactions.
- It allows a transaction to see both committed/uncommitted changes made by other
When choosing a storage engine for each of your tables, which things are to consider?
- Locking Characteristics: Some storage engines lock on row level, some on page level, some on table level.
- Transactions support: Some storage engines support transactions, some don't.
- Storage media: Some storage engines store data on disk, some in memory.
- Licenses: Some storage engines cannot be used in commercial environments, others can.
- Backup methods: Some storage engines support online backup and point in time recovery, some don't.
Answer: A, B, C, E
Which two of the following statements best describe the purpose of the slow query log and
how you enable it?
- The slow log records the timestamps of when the server is performing slowly and when it is low on resources.
- The slow log records the text of all queries that exceed the long_query_time variable.
- The slow log is enabled with the --log-slow-queries or --log-slow-queries=file_nameoption.
- The slow log is enabled with the --log-slow or --log-slow=file_name option.
Answer: B, C
mySQL 005-002 Exam (Certified MySQL 5.0 DBA Part I) Detailed Information
mySQL 005-002005-002 exam :: Article by ArticleForgeability Identification in Iranian early life Soccer players Aged between 12 and sixteen Years historical using a Multivariate methodNo effect discovered, are trying new key phrase!Iranian Journal of fitness and actual exercise (2011) 2 (1), 51-56 talent Identification in Iranian adolescence Soccer gamers Aged between 12 and 16 Years historic ... consequences of Gender and Age on Motor exam in customarily constructing toddlers. Dev Neuropsychol ...
29 stress checking out stochastic checking out is supplemented 2.9 Stress checking out Stochastic testing is supplemented with deterministic scenario-primarily based stress tests, performed annually. each examine is utilized as a right away shock to the financial circumstances as of the valuation date. interest rates have a flooring of 0.10%. Stress A Stress B Stress C government fees 0.25 +2.00% -three.00% -4.00% 0.5 +1.50% -3.00% -4.00% 1 +1.00% -2.00% -4.00% 5 +0.seventy five% -1.50% -2.00% 10 +0.75% -1.00% 0% 20 +0.50% -0.75% 0% 30 +0.50% -0.seventy five% 0% corporate Spread 005-002s AAA 0% +1.00% +0.50% AA 0% +1.50% +0.seventy five% A 0% +2.00% +1.00% BBB 0% +4.00% +2.00% BB 0% +6.00% +three.00% equity expenditures -10% -30% +30% Implied Volatility (10 yr) +10% +30% +10% 2.10 risk administration Committee The committee meets on an everyday quarterly groundwork all the way through the yr. meetings focus on reviewing interior possibility stories and interviews with key personnel in finance, programs, and audit. At its third quarter meeting, the committee unanimously advised the hiring of a major possibility Officer (CRO), who will create and lead an unbiased enterprise chance administration (ERM)
20 department. The CRO may be responsible for constructing and implementing a finished business-vast ERM application and function the chance liaison throughout various business segments to handle massive emerging considerations. The committee additionally counseled that the CRO report on chance-connected considerations at its quarterly meeting. youngsters, all through the talk of this advice with the Board, Mr. Lyon expressed the opinion that the risk administration Committee could be redundant as soon as the CRO started. His alternative was that the CRO file to the EVP-Planning as a person with large adventure who knew the enterprise neatly and could serve as a ebook to the CRO. Mr. Lyon suggested that the brand new CRO turn into an officer of the company following three to 5 years event on the business. The Board concurred with Mr. Lyon and the chance administration Committee may be disbanded on the date the CRO turns into an officer of SLIC. 2.eleven Product Distribution: The company distributes its product via an impartial brokerage equipment. The business materials marketing substances and product descriptions. Brokers are dependable for his or her own practising. The enterprise has relied upon its distribution gadget to make clear and explain the alternate in name of the company. 2.12 Product Descriptions 2.12.1 30-year term assurance with level premium The term life assurance product is payable on loss of life up to maturity of the contract. It has certain degree premiums and no money cost. The product is non-convertible. key phrases are as follows: • Face quantity offered from $25,000 to $25,000,000 • Annual premium based mostly upon one hundred fifty% of anticipated mortality, an annual lapse expense of 5% and a reduction rate of 4% • Underwriting: certain difficulty to all lives • No cash value is obtainable • First year commission equals a hundred% of top rate • income bonuses anticipated to equal a hundred% of commissions • expected mortality is one hundred% of 2001 US Smoking top of the line table income were impressive, partially as a result of competitive pricing, a hundred% first yr compensation, and a powerful promoting crusade. The company’s nearest competitor has premiums more than 20% higher and pays its sales fee as 35% of top class for the primary three years.
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superstar Trek 1971 textual content game a little bit of background Two years after the common collection was canceled in 1969, excessive college senior Mike Mayfield was busy maintaining the star Trek universe alive by means of feeding punched paper tape into a Sigma 7 with a purpose to carry the crew of the commercial enterprise and the Klingon Empire to life on a 10 character-per-2nd teletype terminal. soon after Mike ported his video game to HP simple, it entered the general public area. From there, early desktop fans more suitable and rewrote the online game for every taste of mini and microcomputer simple conceivable and past.
I be aware encountering types of the game lower back in the early 80s when i used to be a little kid attempting to gain knowledge of fundamental on my IBM PCjr. lower back then, laptop books and magazines allotted programs in printed kind. that means, you needed to classification them in to play the games. It was a pain in the ass, however the method inspired you to tinker. It motivated you to be taught to code and to tweak and even enrich the courses you have been entering in.
every primary video game booklet that I picked up contained some edition of the big name Trek online game. I recollect loading it up a few times, however each time i finished up staring on the display in utter confusion. "how on earth is that this superstar Trek?" I be aware thinking. I couldn’t figure out a way to play it.
by the time I entered high school, I had graduated from fundamental and moved onto to greater and more desirable things like C and C++. but, now and again, I regularly questioned about the star Trek text game. What made it so standard? After learning about the history that I touched upon above, I decided to dig it up and take a second seem to be.
After a bit of net surfing, I came throughout Mike Mayfield’s usual port to HP primary. here’s a snippet of the code:
100 REM ***************************************************************** 110 REM *** *** 120 REM *** celebrity TREK: by way of MIKE MAYFIELD, CENTERLINE ENGINEERING *** a hundred thirty REM *** *** 140 REM *** complete interplay online game - ORIG. 20 OCT 1972 a hundred and fifty REM *** *** one hundred sixty REM ***************************************************************** one hundred seventy GOSUB 5460 a hundred and eighty PRINT " superstar TREK " one hundred ninety PRINT "DO YOU want instructions (they're lengthy!)"; 200 enter A$ 210 IF A$ <> "sure" THEN 230 220 GOSUB 5820 230 REM ***** software begins here ***** Ah, good ancient line-numbered basic. It’s all coming returned to me now. those line numbers have been there to give objectives for GOTO and GOSUB statements. however, line numbers made editing a tad tricky. It become convention to enter in line numbers that had been multiples of 10. That means, as you developed the software, you could go back and insert as much as 9 additional statements in between present traces without remodeling all the GOTO/GOSUB references. in case you mandatory to insert greater than 9 strains, I be aware a unique characteristic in the basic editor on my PCjr. it could append a zero to all line numbers and all line quantity references all the way through the program. which means, you might now insert up to 99 lines. Couldn’t they simply renumber the software in multiples of 10? Nah. The PCjr wasn’t powerful enough for that.
in case you’re questioning about “Centerline Engineering,” it turned into an imaginary enterprise that Mike Mayfield coined to give his simple projects a degree of prominence to these study 005-002ing the remarks section.
With code in hand, I definitely desired to play the video game. I’m bound that there are HP fundamental interpreters available for modern machines, however what enjoyable would that be. earlier than I performed it, i wanted do my own port. This game became born within the hobbyist era. It became made to be reinterpreted and greater because it traded exceeded. i wished to convey back part of those long-lost magical days of category-in programs.
My first impact of the code changed into "what’s with the entire single letter variable names?" First i thought it turned into a quandary of HP basic, however then i realized the occasional 2-letter names. I guess 2 is greater than 1. every little thing is additionally in caps. Take a look at this line:
2140 T=T+1 That line increments T. but, as a result of the caps, I consider just like the code is screaming at me. ASIGN THE SUM OF T AND 1 lower back TO T damn IT! also, I’m so used to writing t++ or t += x that I forgot about the extended notation. in fact, coming into seventh grade having mastered basic, I found myself basically at a loss for words when my math teacher added us to solving simultaneous equations. as an example, find the cost of X during this equation:
X = 2X - 6 That changed into the primary time i used to be delivered to the conception of operator overloading. The equals-sign can imply variable assignment or numerical equivalence reckoning on the context.
here’s a groovy block of code that i noticed:
4550 photograph 8(X,3A) 4560 graphic eight(X,3A),8X,"STARDATE",8X,5D 4570 image 8(X,3A),8X,"situation",8X,6A 4580 image 8(X,3A),8X,"QUADRANT",9X,D,",",D 4590 photograph eight(X,3A),8X,"SECTOR",11X,D,",",D 4600 photo eight(X,3A),8X,"power",9X,6D 4610 photograph eight(X,3A),8X,"PHOTON TORPEDOES",3-d4620 picture 8(X,3A),8X,"SHIELDS",8X,6D These are not executable statements. They’re strings that will also be referenced in PRINT instructions. The unquoted symbols get substituted with values of variables. It’s conceptually comparable to C-style printf() layout placeholders. I didn’t know that primary offered this type of wealthy numerical formatting notation.
As I continued to examine the source, I found some statements that didn’t make feel. as an instance, in spite of the fact that you don’t need to declare variables before you use them, you nonetheless need to specify the dimensions of arrays. I came throughout some arrays that were never allotted as such. in the end, I decided to are trying to find out a stronger foundation for my port.
After somewhat of Googling, I found a cleaned up edition that maintained nearly all of Mike Mayfield’s code. some of it turned into reworked, likely to enable it to run on up to date versions of simple. for example, those cool image statements had been dropped and changed with sets of more straightforward PRINT commands. The variable names appear just about similar, but at least they're all accounted for during this edition.
Porting the video game subsequent, I had to come to a decision what language to port it to. looking at that primary code reminded me that C# introduced goto returned into the mainstream. Would it's feasible to do an accurate line-by means of-line port from simple to C#? curiously so... and the result is a few of the sickest code I’ve ever keyed into a pc. want a comparison? right here’s a phase of basic code:
2950 PRINT "TORPEDO track:" 2960 LET X=X+X 2970 LET Y=Y+X 2980 IF X<.5 OR X >= eight.5 OR Y<.5 OR Y >= eight.5 THEN 3420 2990 LET V=X 2991 LET V=Y 2992 GOSUB 9000 2993 PRINT 3020 IF A[INT(X+.5),INT(Y+.5)]#0 THEN 3080 3060 GOTO 2960 3080 IF A[INT(X+.5),INT(Y+.5)]#2 THEN 3230 3120 PRINT "*** KLINGON DESTROYED ***" 3130 LET P=P-1 3140 LET P=P-1 3150 IF P <= 0 THEN 4040 3160 FOR I=1 TO 3 3170 IF INT(X+.5)#ok[I,1] THEN 3190 3180 IF INT(Y+.5)=k[I,2] THEN 3200 3190 next I 3200 LET ok[I,3]=0 3210 GOTO 3370 3230 IF A[INT(X+.5),INT(Y+.5)]#4 THEN 3290 3270 PRINT "YOU can't ruin STARS silly" 3280 GOTO 3420 And the C# version:
_2950: Console.WriteLine("TORPEDO music:"); _2960: X = X + _X; _2970: Y = Y + _X; _2980: if (X < .5 || X >= 8.5 || Y < .5 || Y >= eight.5) goto _3420; _2990: _V = X; _2991: _V = Y; _2992: _9000(); _2993: Console.WriteLine(); _3020: if (_A[(int)(X + .5), (int)(Y + .5)] != 0) goto _3080; _3060: goto _2960; _3080: if (_A[(int)(X + .5), (int)(Y + .5)] != 2) goto _3230; _3120: Console.WriteLine("*** KLINGON DESTROYED ***"); _3130: _P = _P - 1; _3140: _P = _P - 1; _3150: if (_P <= 0) goto _4040; _3160: for(I = 1; I <= 3; I += 1) _3170: if ((int)(X + .5) != _K[(int)I, 1]) goto _3190; _3180: if ((int)(Y + .5) == _K[(int)I, 2]) goto _3200; _3190: ; I = three; _3200: _K[(int)I, 3] = 0; _3210: goto _3370; _3230: if (_A[(int)(X + .5), (int)(Y + .5)] != four) goto _3290; _3270: Console.WriteLine("YOU cannot damage STARS foolish"); _3280: goto _3420; To simulate line numbers, every line starts with a label together with an underscore followed by using a bunch. That works high-quality for GOTO, however what about GOSUB? verify line 2992. Subroutines have been replaced with strategies. That essentially worked. In basic, you’re no longer pressured to come from subroutines. which you can go away them by the use of GOTO. That turned into used simplest within the case that the participant is destroyed to send them returned to the beginning of the application to start over. I replaced that GOTO with a return statement that passes a flag returned to the caller. The caller inspects the flag and jumps lower back to the application start if want be. I additionally found out that at one factor, there's a GOTO that jumps right into a FOR loop. C# won’t mean you can start to a label in a sub-block of code. I converted the FOR loop into a GOTO loop to make C# satisfied.
the entire variables within the primary software, together with the arrays, are actual quantity classification. besides the fact that children, in fundamental, an array and a scalar can share the identical name; the interpreter is capable of sort all of it out. however, C# is less form. To solve the issue, I prefixed array names with underscores. additionally, arrays in simple are indexed from 1 as a substitute of 0. To compensate, I multiplied the size of all arrays through 1. Index 0 is never used.
once I began testing my port, i noticed some string formatting problems. assess here fundamental line:
2726 PRINT TAB(41);"("; That potential: Print 41 areas adopted via left-parenthesis. That become easy to translate, however the intension become to push the left-parenthesis onto the next line by using letting it wrap around the console. I cleaned some of this stuff up. There are additionally some tables that get printed within the video game. I reformatted them a little to make them more convenient to study 005-002.
One other component: notice that in this class of simple, # shows no longer-equal-to. It took me ages to understand why they chose that symbol. # resembles ≠.
coming into the celebrity Trek Universe Now, i was able to play the video game. As i discussed above, I on no account understood the suggestions before. happily, if you run the application, it offers you the alternative of viewing guidance. I studied them carefully. however, the simplest way to in fact understand what to do is to play the game. here’s a walkthrough:
celebrity TREK ENTER 1 OR 2 FOR guidance (ENTER 2 TO page) ENTER SEED number INITIALIZING... YOU should wreck 17 KINGONS IN 30 STARDATES WITH three STARBASES -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2100 * * situation green <*> QUADRANT 5,2 * SECTOR 5,four energy 3000 SHIELDS 0 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- COMMAND The game makes itself favourite by means of printing out its title. Then, it asks you in case you are looking to view instructions. every on the spot in the game calls for a bunch. if you hit Enter, zero is believed. in this case, I hit Enter to pass the guidelines. subsequent, it asks for a seed number to initialize the randomizer. this is an artifact of primary. It doesn’t truly have an impact in C#. In basic, simply as in C#, the randomizer might have been initialized based off the system time. If that became not an alternative, they should still have taken skills of the directions prompt. When the guidance instantaneous seems, it could have entered a loop that timed how lengthy it took the user to enter a value. That length might have been used to initialize the randomizer. once again, I effortlessly pressed Enter to bypass it.
next, it prints out my mission. I have to ruin 17 Klingon (note the video game misspells it right here) ships in 30 gadgets of time with 3 starbases. Then it runs the short latitude scanner. The short latitude scanner displays the present quadrant. The game takes location in an eight×8 quadrant grid. each row and column is numbered 1 to 8. The textual content on the right suggests that i am in quadrant (5,2). every quadrant is partitioned into an 8×eight sector grid. The business is located at sector (5,4). On the quadrant reveal, <*> is the enterprise. The last *’s are stars. every = mark on the appropriate and backside horizontal-line dividers shows a column. in case you count, you’ll locate that the enterprise is in column 5. if you count number the rows, you’ll discover it’s in row 4. hence, inside this quadrant, the business is in sector (5,4) as particular.
The intention is are trying to find out quadrants containing Klingon ships and smash them. Let’s start through doing an extended latitude sensor scan (choice 2):
COMMAND 2 long latitude SENSOR SCAN FOR QUADRANT 5,2 ------------------- | 008 | 008 | 004 | ------------------- | 006 | 005 | 007 | ------------------- | 001 | 104 | 113 | ------------------- This table summarizes 9 quadrants. The middle quadrant is your current quadrant. The digits indicate the number of Klingon ships, the number of starbases and the variety of stars. In our quadrant, there aren't any Klingon ships and no starbases, but there are 5 stars. Stars act as worrying obstacles as I’ll show in a while. South of us, there is a quadrant containing 1 Klingon ship. Let’s head there. but, first we need to elevate shields (option 5):
COMMAND 5energy obtainable = 3000 variety of gadgets TO SHIELDS 500 It asks me how a great deal energy I want to devote to the shields. I entered 500. If I run out of energy, I lose the game. Starbases refill energy. They also restock photon torpedoes and restoration damage. to look how a good deal power I even have left, I’ll run a short range scan once more (choice 1):
COMMAND 1 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2100 * * situation eco-friendly <*> QUADRANT 5,2 * SECTOR 5,4 energy 2500 SHIELDS 500 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- Now, let’s head south. Navigation requires 2 parameters: direction and distance. It’s a polar coordinate equipment, however an unconventional one. course is distinctive the usage of this:
4 3 2 `. : .' `.:.' 5---<*>---1 .':`. .' : `. 6 7 8 perspective goes from 1.0 (inclusive) to 9.0 (exclusive). be aware that the y-axis facets downwards. So, although it seems to be a counterclockwise perspective equipment, it’s definitely clockwise. You also should agree with the point ratio. every column is three characters vast, however each row is simply 1 character excessive. This ability that it’s not a round coordinate system. quite, it’s a swashed oval.
Distance is measured in warp factor devices. this kind of unit is the same as the length/height of a quadrant. To move to an adjoining sector, you need to circulate a distance of 1/8 = 0.one hundred twenty five. I’m going to movement south (perspective 7.0) a distance of 1 warp factor. Navigation is choice 0:
path (1-9) 7 WARP ingredient (0-eight) 1 damage control record: WARP ENGINES damaged -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2101 * situation purple <*> QUADRANT 5,three SECTOR 5,four * energy 2497 * SHIELDS 500 +++ PHOTON TORPEDOES 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- Navigation instantly runs a short range scan. note that I moved from quadrant (5,2) to quadrant (5,three). additionally, notice it's says that my warp engines are damaged. elements of the commercial enterprise fail spontaneously. As you navigate round, they slowly get repaired. Let’s get a damage record (option 6):
COMMAND 6 equipment STATE OF repairWARP ENGINES -three S.R. SENSORS 0 L.R. SENSORS 0 PHASER CNTRL 0 PHOTON TUBES 0 damage CNTRL 0 protect CNTRL 0 computing device 0 a value of 0 suggests typical operation. less-than 0 is hurt. enhanced-than 0 shows that the part is working above commonplace.
The brief range scan above shows a Klingon ship (the triple-plus). I’m going to use the computer to aid me goal the ship (alternative 7 adopted by using choice 2):
COMMAND 7 computing device lively AND looking forward to COMMAND 2 path = 7 DISTANCE = four ENTER 1 to use THE CALCULATOR Photon torpedoes are fired the usage of the identical course and distance coordinate system as is used for navigation. The computer gave me the coordinates. Then it asks if I need to use the navigation calculator. The navigation calculator asks you to enter the coordinates of two quadrants and it'll output course and distance between them. I’ll press Enter to point out i'm not interested in doing this. Now, let’s fire the torpedo (option four):
COMMAND four TORPEDO direction (1-9) 7 TORPEDO tune: 5,5 5,6 5,7 5,8 *** KLINGON DESTROYED *** COMMAND 1 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2101 * circumstance eco-friendly <*> QUADRANT 5,three SECTOR 5,4 * energy 2497 * SHIELDS 500 PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- The game outputs the tune of the torpedo. in this case, it hit the goal. If the computing device receives broken, you should estimate the path of the Klingon ship your self. it may take a couple of tries. The torpedo music will aid you refine the route. also, from time to time a torpedo randomly diverts a bit of from the certain route.
Let’s get a status report the use of the laptop (alternative 7, choice 1):
COMMAND 7 computing device energetic AND looking ahead to COMMAND 1 status record number of KLINGONS LEFT = sixteen variety of STARDATES LEFT = 29 variety of STARBASES LEFT = 3 gadget STATE OF fixWARP ENGINES -three S.R. SENSORS 0 L.R. SENSORS 0 PHASER CNTRL 0 PHOTON TUBES 0 harm CNTRL 0 preserve CNTRL 0 laptop 0 One Klingon ship down, however my warp engine continues to be broken. Let’s do a protracted latitude scan:
COMMAND 2 lengthy range SENSOR SCAN FOR QUADRANT 5,3 ------------------- | 006 | 005 | 007 | ------------------- | 001 | 004 | 113 | ------------------- | 002 | 005 | 002 | ------------------- I wish to go east. The starbase there, indicated via the middle 1, can fix my warp drive. I’ll are trying to navigate there:
COMMAND 0 route (1-9) 1 WARP factor (0-eight) 1 WARP ENGINES ARE broken, optimum speed = WARP .2 direction (1-9) 1 WARP aspect (0-8) .2 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2101 * condition green <*> QUADRANT 5,3 SECTOR 6,4 * energy 2501 * SHIELDS 500 PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- As which you can see, when the warp pressure is broken, i will be able to best circulation 1 sector at a time.
damage control file: L.R. SENSORS broken -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2101 * condition eco-friendly <*> QUADRANT 5,3 SECTOR 7,four * energy 2505 * SHIELDS 500 PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- COMMAND 0 direction (1-9) 1 WARP component (0-eight) .2 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- * STARDATE 2101 * circumstance eco-friendly <*> QUADRANT 5,3 SECTOR 8,4 * power 2509 * SHIELDS 500 PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- COMMAND 0 direction (1-9) 1 WARP element (0-8) .2 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- +++ STARDATE 2102 * * circumstance pink <*> QUADRANT 6,three SECTOR 1,4 >!< energy 2513 SHIELDS 500 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- I managed to recover from there, however now my lengthy latitude scanner is damaged. observe that every time you cross a quadrant boundary, the stardate advances. I should destroy the entire Klingons within the time limit of my mission.
The >!< image indicates a starbase. If I navigate subsequent to it, the commercial enterprise will immediately dock at which period I’ll get every little thing repaired. but, if I are trying to navigate there, the Klingon ship will hearth at me. i can’t ship out a photon torpedo on account of the stars. the celebs will obstruct the track. Let me examine on these repairs:
COMMAND 7 computer active AND waiting for COMMAND 1 repute record variety of KLINGONS LEFT = sixteen variety of STARDATES LEFT = 28 number of STARBASES LEFT = three machine STATE OF fixWARP ENGINES 0 S.R. SENSORS 0 L.R. SENSORS 0 PHASER CNTRL 0 PHOTON TUBES 0 harm CNTRL 0 look after CNTRL 0 laptop 0 high-quality. The commercial enterprise is returned to average. I’ll are trying using my phasers to hit the Klingons (choice 3):
COMMAND 3 PHASERS LOCKED heading in the right direction. energy obtainable = 2513 number of units TO fire 500 19 UNIT HIT ON business FROM SECTOR 7,2 (480 LEFT) sixty seven UNIT HIT ON KLINGON AT SECTOR 7,2 (132 LEFT) The business become hit. My shields dropped a small quantity. The Klingon ship was damaged as neatly. I’ll hearth once again:
COMMAND three PHASERS LOCKED on the right track. energy purchasable = 2013 variety of gadgets TO fireplace a thousand 16 UNIT HIT ON commercial enterprise FROM SECTOR 7,2 (464 LEFT) 100 UNIT HIT ON KLINGON AT SECTOR 7,2 (31 LEFT) COMMAND three PHASERS LOCKED on the right track. energy obtainable = 1013 number of devices TO fireplace 3005 UNIT HIT ON business FROM SECTOR 7,2 (458 LEFT) 62 UNIT HIT ON KLINGON AT SECTOR 7,2 (0 LEFT) *** KLINGON AT SECTOR 7,2 DESTROYED *** COMMAND 1 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- STARDATE 2102 * * circumstance green <*> QUADRANT 6,three SECTOR 1,four >!< power 713 SHIELDS 458 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- I fired twice, which severely reduced my energy level. Phaser electricity is a measure of the space between the enterprise the target. It probably would have been enhanced to navigate north for a transparent route for a photon torpedo. thankfully, i will be able to dock with the starbase to stock up my energy:
COMMAND 0 direction (1-9) 7 WARP factor (0-eight) .25 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- STARDATE 2102 * * condition green QUADRANT 6,3 SECTOR 1,6 <*> >!< energy 716 SHIELDS 458 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 9 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- COMMAND 0 path (1-9) 1 WARP aspect (0-8) 1 WARP ENGINES SHUTDOWN AT SECTOR 6,6 as a result of bad NAVIGATION SHIELDS DROPPED FOR DOCKING functions -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- STARDATE 2103 * * condition DOCKED QUADRANT 6,three SECTOR 5,6 <*>>!< energy 3000 SHIELDS 0 * PHOTON TORPEDOES 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- The starbase takes away all my shelter energy before giving me again 3000. If the online game didn’t do this, the player might get endless protect energy through many times docking and transferring energy to the shields.
also note that I docked by using crashing into the starbase. while you are inside a quadrant, that you could’t move via stars, ships and starbases. although, after leaving the current quadrant, those are no longer barriers. truly, the positions of stars, starbases and Klingon ships within a quadrant isn't decided initially of the game. rather, the positions are invented at the time you enter a quadrant. It creates the illusion that stars, starbases and Klingon ships can flow round within a quadrant. word that they can on no account movement out of a quadrant.
COMMAND 2 long range SENSOR SCAN FOR QUADRANT 6,three ------------------- | 005 | 007 | 007 | ------------------- | 004 | 013 | 001 | ------------------- | 005 | 002 | 016 | ------------------- The values you see in an extended latitude scan are the handiest values tracked by the online game. It doesn’t shop the accurate sectors of each entity inside a quadrant until you enter it. On a related be aware, the desktop can reveal you a desk of all scanned quadrants (choice 7, option 0):
COMMAND 7 computing device energetic AND looking forward to COMMAND 0 computing device list OF GALAXY FOR QUADRANT 6,3 ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 008 | 008 | 004 | 000 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 006 | 005 | 007 | 007 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 001 | 004 | 013 | 001 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 002 | 005 | 002 | 016 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | 000 | ------------------------------------------------- Anyway, that’s the gist of the video game.
So, what occurs in case you win?
THE remaining KLIGON battle CRUISER in the GALAXY HAS BEEN DESTROYED THE FEDERATION HAS BEEN SAVED !!! YOUR efficiency score = ... after which it simply starts over once again with a new mission. The effectivity ranking is a function of the time last. In Mike Mayfield’s long-established edition, the time last became definitely in minutes. As outlined, in this version, it’s in turns.
tremendous superstar Trek In 1976, artistic Computing posted a modified version of Mike Mayfield’s software titled super superstar Trek. It’s just about similar to the fashioned video game. although, the menus settle for three letter mnemonics as a substitute of numbers. The desktop presents a few extra options. And, only for fun, each quadrant has a reputation. With those ideas in intellect, I determined to code my very own edition of the game. I began through digging up some ancient ASCII art...
______ _______ ______ ______ _______ ______ ______ __ __ / __ //__ __// __ // __ / /__ __// __ / / ____// / / / / / /_/ / / / /_/ // /_/ / / / / /_/ / / /__ / // / _\ \ / / / __ // __/ / / / __/ / __ / / / / /_/ / / / / / / // /\ \ / / / /\ \ / /___ / /\ \ /_____/ /_/ /_/ /_//_/ \_\ /_/ /_/ \_\/_____//_/ \_\ ________________ _ \__(=======/_=_/____.--'-`--.___ \ \ `,--,-.___.----' .--`\\--'../ '---._____.|] Mission: smash 20 Klingon ships in forty six stardates with three starbases. Enter command: --- commands ----------------- nav = Navigation srs = brief latitude testlrs = long latitude experimentpha = Phaser control tor = Photon Torpedo control she = shelter handle com = entry computing device Enter command: srs -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- place: Altair IV Quadrant: [2,5] * Sector: [1,6] Stardate: 2287 * Time last: 46 situation: green <*> energy: 3000 Shields: 0 * Photon Torpedoes: 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- Docked: False Enter command: lrs ------------------- | 117 | 118 | 004 | ------------------- | 006 | 003 | 008 | ------------------- | 004 | 001 | one hundred fifteen | ------------------- Enter command: nav Enter route (1.0--9.0): three Enter warp factor (0.1--8): 1 Warp engines engaged. -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- vicinity: Risa * * Quadrant: [2,4] Sector: [1,6] +++ * * Stardate: 2288 * Time last: forty five >!< circumstance: crimson <*> * energy: 3000 Shields: 0 * * Photon Torpedoes: 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- Docked: proper condition red: Klingon ship detected. reducing shields as part of docking sequence... commercial enterprise successfully docked with starbase. Enter command: pha Phasers locked not off course. Enter phaser power (1--3000): 500 Firing phasers... Hit ship at sector [5,3]. Klingon preserve electricity dropped to 206. commercial enterprise hit by means of ship at sector [5,3]. No hurt as a result of starbase shields. Enter command: pha Phasers locked on course. Enter phaser power (1--2500): 500 Firing phasers... Klingon ship destroyed at sector [5,3]. Enter command: srs -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- vicinity: Risa * * Quadrant: [2,4] Sector: [1,6] * * Stardate: 2288 * Time final: forty five >!< situation: eco-friendly <*> * power: 2000 Shields: 0 * * Photon Torpedoes: 10 -=--=--=--=--=--=--=--=- Docked: genuine Enter command: there are many refined nuances in the original video game. How frequently do different parts of the commercial enterprise malfunction? How and when do photon torpedoes randomly deviate from their certain pursuits? and so on. It doesn’t in fact count. As I mentioned above, here's the variety of online game that deserves to be reinvented everytime it trades arms. The actual parameters of the famous person Trek universe are up to the coder. as an instance, in my version, distinct ingredients of the enterprise malfunction counting on how commonly you use them. if you count on the computing device for targeting Klingon ships too a whole lot, the computing device will delivery to fail.
Rewriting the online game introduced up an interesting aspect of the basic version. targeting is achieved the use of polar coordinates, however you won’t find any trigonometric features within the basic code. I expect the capabilities were unavailable. in its place, the perspective is transformed right into a route vector the usage of diverse ratios that approximate the trigonometric capabilities. That ability despite the fact that you worked out ideal concentrated on the usage of trigonometry, for those who entered within the perspective, the genuine trajectory might be a little off. even so, it’s a good looking artful math trick. As for me, I took knowledge of Math.Sin() and Math.Cos().
eventually, if you’re read 005-002y to enter the ASCII superstar Trek universe and retailer the Federation from attacking Klingon plus-indications, download the connected supply code.
overseas Multilingual analysis Journal retaining infants’s heritage language (HL) is a challenging task for linguistic minorities everywhere. whereas many eastern heritage little ones in Sydney attend weekend HL schools, they usually discontinue attendance before, or during, secondary school. to date, no longitudinal analyze has investigated what occurs to their HL preservation thereafter, considering family unit language coverage elements and HL proficiency of subgroups with/with out a “HL community of observe” membership. this article addresses this hole, examining the statistics from surveys and interviews with fogeys and youths (aged 17–21) whose HL observe and literacy had been studied 10 years ago (Oriyama, 2012). In certain, I check: (a) how HL communities of follow have an effect on HL observe and skillability; (b) how language ideology, apply, and skillability correlate; and (c) how HL communities of practice affect language ideology. The between-group adjustments recognized in language ideology, practice, and skillability have implications for HL transmission and education.
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